Action Sheet

  • Location :
  • Species status :
    Low Concern
  • Period :
    August 2010 - December 2012



The eagle is represented in France by several species

Such as the Golden eagle, Bonelli’s eagle, the Booted eagle and the Short-toed eagle, etc. With low reproductive potential, these species are unfortunately excessively hunted and poisoned by pesticides or these endangered species are legally protected.

The Golden eagle is present in France across the Alps, in the Jura and the Mediterranean islands  (Corsica, Sardinia, Sicily) as well as in the central and southern Massif Central. On a more general basis, this species can be found throughout the northern hemisphere, the sub-Sahara desert and the southern regions of the Arctic.


The Golden Eagle is found more often in open and semi-open habitats of mountainous areas. It seems to prefer heterogeneous landscapes away from any type of human activity. Golden Eagles capture a wide variety of prey especially small mammals weighing 1-15 kg.

Nest sites are often very difficult to access. Eagles are generally very sensitive to disturbance during the breeding season and may abandon their breeding activities in the case of any human intervention.

The availability of food resources is a determining factor in Golden eagle population dynamics. Therefore, the reproductive behavior and success of eagles are considerably dependent on the availability of a regular energetic uptake.


The breeding territories of golden eagles vary in size from between 30 km2 to 50 km2. Individuals of this species tend to protect their nests and their young from other members of the same species and other species. Curiously enough, golden eagles do not defend their hunting grounds so several breeding pairs may hunt in the same area.

Golden eagles build their nests with branches, roots, plants and other materials. The interior is lined with greenery. The start of the egg laying period usually takes place in March, but may vary depending on the latitude of the regions, and start at a later date. The number of eggs varies between three and four. The eggs hatch after 43-45 days of incubation and the young remain around 77 to 81 days in the nest. After their first flight in July, the young eagles remain in the vicinity of their parent’s nest.

Young eagles reach their sexual maturity around the age of 4 or 5. It is also at this stage that the immature eagles begin to search for a partner. The young birds do not stray too far away from the parental territory during this period. They are however sometimes forced to leave the latter and consequently confronted with the aggressiveness of other territorial couples. The young eagles are therefore pushed to less attractive territories with less resources.

The longevity records of golden eagles in the wild is of about 32 years in the wild while that of individuals in captivity is of 46 years.


The Golden eagle population in Europe is not very large and made up of about 8,500 couples. The species has a wide although discontinuous distribution. In the IUCN world list it is considered to be of “Least Concern”. It is also listed as “vulnerable” in the French endangered species Red List. All of this makes us come to the conclusion that this species is in urgent need of appropriate conservation measures in certain regions of Europe.

Field operator

LPO is the BirdLife Partner!

Founded in: 1912
Members: 35,000
Staff: 127

Mission of the organisation:

  • The protection of wild birds and the habitats upon which they depend.
  • This is carried out throughout France with a network of 30 financially independent LPO sections.



This program aims to contribute to the conservation of the remaining populations of the Royal Eagle in France.

The French population of Golden eagle is estimated at around 300 couples / 600 individuals. It is therefore important to:

  • Establish a national network for the Golden eagle program through the creation of a website and the sending of newsletters.
  • Carry out the centralisation of all the Golden eagle field information, which will facilitate the monitoring of the species. With this information, it will be possible to devise appropriate conservation measures for the species. The aim is to monitor in this way one-half of the French population of Royal Eagles.
  • Increase monitoring activities so as to reduce the risk of ecological disturbance and reproduction failure.
  • Reduce the number of golden eagles killed by the poisoning of their prey through information-gathering, the implementation of an alert procedure, the analysis and autopsy of the cadavers of all dead Royal Eagles.


Thanks to the backing of the community of Val d’Isère and the program “Save Your Logo” supported by the Fonds de Dotation pour la Biodiversité, the LPO (Ligue pour la Protection des Oiseaux – the League for the Protection of Birds) has relaunched its Golden eagle recovery network program in France. The network presently consists of a community of about 220 researchers and observers. The existence of this network is imperative to improve current knowledge on the species and to ensure that the protection of the species is respected in all parts of the country. This network relies on a community of experts, who have studied the biology, distribution, and population dynamics of the species for many years. The first meeting for the network was held on January 19th, 2011 in Montpellier, to define the modus operandi of the network and to identify the priority lines of action and research in favor of the conservation of the species.

This network enables the monitoring of almost 60% of the Golden eagle population in France!

For more information about the program, please visit the Golden eagle website


- In October, 2011 –

Golden Eagle Observation Network

The Golden Eagle monitoring network is very important for the species. It encompasses the observations made throughout the year by groups of enthusiasts, experts and scientists. The data generated by this network are used to organize and carry out each year monitoring, surveillance and research activities. The information gathered from these activities will improve the knowledge on the status, functioning and population dynamics of the Golden Eagle, but as well as on the specific threats to the species. Since the beginning of the initiative, the national network has grown in size and presently counts with the participation of nearly 100 correspondents and 342 supervisors.

Establishing preventive measures against the disturbing of the Golden Eagle in France

The implementation of specific local conservation actions in coordination with the different stakeholders of the Val d’Isère Ski Resort is important for the survival of the Golden Eagle. Work has thus begun under a joint project between the Vanoise National Park, the ski resort and town of Val d´Isère to make the electricity cables visible to the birds in order to prevent possible collisions and fatalities.

- May 2011 -

Food reinforcement operations for the Golden eagle in France !

Golden Eagles can now benefit from food reinforcement operations. At the initiative of the LPO supported by
the French Agriculture Ministry, the European Union has expanded the list of the species eligible for inclusion
in these feeding areas. The raptor species that will benefit from this initiative are the Bearded vulture,
Black vulture, the Egyptian vulture, the Griffon vulture, the Black kite, the Red kite, and now the Golden
and White-tailed eagles.

Photos Gallery

Aigle Royal
Aigle Royal
Aigle Royal

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